Peking Man Site is located in Fangshan District, Beijing, in the north of keel mountain, Zhoukoudian Town, about 50 kilometers away from Beijing. It is an important site of the Paleolithic age in China. The Peking Man Site in Zhoukoudian witnessed the human community in the Asian continent from the Middle Pleistocene to the Paleolithic age, indicating the evolution process.
Since the large-scale systematic excavation of the Peking Man Site in Zhoukoudian in 1927, a total of 27 sites of various fossils and cultural relics of different periods have been found. The fossil remains representing more than 40 "Peking men", more than 100000 stone tools, nearly 200 kinds of animal fossils and a large number of fire relics have been excavated. It has become a world-famous treasure house of human fossils and Paleoanthropology, archaeology, paleontology Multi disciplinary comprehensive research base of stratigraphy, geochronology, environmental science and karst science. It was listed in the world heritage list as a cultural heritage in 1987.
The age of Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site ranges from 5 million years ago to more than 10000 years ago. Among them, fossils of Homo erectus (Peking man) living 700000-200000 years ago, early Homo sapiens (Xindong man) 200000-100000 years ago, and late Homo sapiens (tianyuandong man from 38500 to 42000 years ago and mountaintop cave man from 30000 years ago) were found.