Zhangjiajie is located in the northwest of Hunan, the middle and upper reaches of Lishui River, and belongs to the hinterland of Wuling mountain area. Zhangjiajie, formerly known as "Dayong city", is a prefecture level city in Hunan Province. It is built for tourism. It is one of the most important tourism cities in China. It is the birthplace and central area of the revolutionary base of Hunan, Hubei, Chongqing and Guizhou. In September 1982, Zhangjiajie National Forest Park became the first National Forest Park in China.
The complex and diverse strata of Zhangjiajie have created the local characteristic landscape. There are mainly mountains, karst, hills, hills and plains. The mountain area accounts for 76% of the total area, of which the most characteristic is the quartz sandstone peak forest landform, which is rare in the world. The city is high in the northwest and tilts southeast along the Lishui river.
There are 850 species of woody plants belonging to 320 genera in 106 families and 146 species of vertebrates in Zhangjiajie. There are 56 national protected plants and 40 national protected animals. Rare tree species include Ginkgo biloba, Davidia involucrata, yew, cherry blossom, etc; Rare medicinal materials include Ganoderma lucidum, Gastrodia elata, Polygonum multiflorum, Eucommia ulmoides, cranberry, etc; Rare animals include giant salamander, Sumen antelope, South China tiger, clouded leopard, macaque, civet, etc.