Hunan Province governs 13 prefecture level cities and 1 Autonomous Prefecture. Hunan Province is located in Central China and the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. It is named "Hunan" because most areas are south of Dongting Lake. It is referred to as "Xiang" because the largest river in the province, Xiangjiang River, flows through the whole territory. The provincial capital is located in Changsha.
Hunan Province is bordered by Mufu and Wugong mountains in the East and Jiangxi Province; To the west, Yunnan Guizhou Plateau, and to the East, Guizhou; The northwest is adjacent to Chongqing with Wuling mountains; Nanling is adjacent to Guangdong and Guangxi in the South and Hubei in the north. The land area of the whole province is 211800 square kilometers
Hunan is located in the transition zone from Yunnan Guizhou Plateau to Jiangnan hills and Nanling Mountains to Jianghan Plain. The terrain is a horseshoe landform surrounded by mountains on three sides and opening to the north. It is composed of plains, basins, hills, mountains, rivers and lakes. It crosses the two major water systems of the Yangtze River and the Pearl River. It belongs to subtropical monsoon climate
Hunan is one of the important birthplaces of Chinese civilization. Emperor Shun had a good reputation in the world, experienced Dongting and Jiuyi mountain in Yongzhou as his mausoleum. Since ancient times, Hunan has planted hibiscus, known as the "Hibiscus country".