Qingdao is subordinate to Shandong Province. Formerly known as "jiaoao", also known as "Qindao" and "island city", it is the world's beer city, the world's sailing capital, the first batch of coastal open cities and national health cities in China. It is known as "Oriental Switzerland", which is named after the ancient fishing village Qingdao.
During the Tang and Song Dynasties, Qingdao became a trade port; During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it was an important coastal defense fortress in northern China, belonging to Laizhou Prefecture, Shandong Province; On June 2, 1949, Qingdao was liberated and changed into a city under the jurisdiction of Shandong Province.
Qingdao is located in the south of Shandong Peninsula, bordering on the Yellow Sea in the East and south, Yantai in the northeast, Weifang in the West and Rizhao in the southwest; The total area is 11282 square kilometers. Famous scenic spots include Laoshan and Badaguan.
Qingdao is located in the north temperate monsoon region, with a temperate monsoon climate. Due to the direct regulation of the marine environment and the influence of the southeast monsoon, ocean currents and water masses from the ocean surface, the urban area also has significant marine climate characteristics.