Longmen Grottoes are located on Longmen Mountain and Xiangshan Mountain on both banks of Yihe River, Luolong District, Luoyang City, Henan Province. It is a world cultural heritage site, a national key cultural relics protection unit, a national AAAAA tourist attraction and one of the treasure houses of Chinese stone carving art. Longmen Grottoes, Mogao Grottoes, Yungang Grottoes and Maijishan grottoes are known as the four major Grottoes in China.
Longmen Grottoes were excavated during the reign of Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei Dynasty. After that, they have been built on a large scale in the Eastern Wei Dynasty, the Western Wei Dynasty, the Northern Qi Dynasty, the Sui Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty, the Five Dynasties and the Song Dynasty for more than 400 years, with a length of 1 km from north to south. Today, there are 2345 grottoes, more than 100000 statues and more than 2800 inscriptions on steles. Among them, "twenty products of Longmen" is the essence of calligraphy and Wei tablet. Zhu Suiliang's book "the monument of Yi Gu Shrine" is a model of regular script art in the early Tang Dynasty.
Longmen Grottoes lasted a long time and spanned many dynasties. With a large number of physical images and written materials, they reflected the development and changes in many fields such as politics, economy, religion and culture in ancient China from different aspects, and made great contributions to the innovation and development of Chinese Grotto Art.
In 2000, it was rated as "the highest peak of Chinese stone carving art" by UNESCO and included in the world cultural heritage.
In 2009, Longmen Grottoes was listed by China World Records Association as the grottoes with the largest number of existing grottoes and niches in China, creating the largest number of existing grottoes and niches in China.