Azerbaijan is a country located in the southeast of Transcaucasia in Western Asia.
The Republic of Azerbaijan, referred to as Azerbaijan for short, covers an area of 86600 square kilometers. It is adjacent to the Caspian Sea in the East, Iran and Turkey in the south, Russia in the north and Georgia and Armenia in the West.
Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, is the largest city and the national political, economic and cultural center. It is located in the Gulf on the south side of Abu sheron peninsula. It is the largest port along the Caspian Sea and the largest city and shipping, aviation and railway hub in the Outer Caucasus.
Azerbaijan is the "crossroads" of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. 50% of the territory is mountains and 40% is lowlands. The climate is diverse and rich in oil and natural gas resources. It is mainly distributed in the apshelon Peninsula and the Caspian continental shelf.
The Azerbaijani government has made remarkable achievements in its strategy of revitalizing the national economy by focusing on the development of the oil industry. The successful development of Caspian oil and gas has promoted the rapid economic and social development of Azerbaijan. By the end of 2013, the unemployment rate and poverty rate had fallen to 5% and 5.3% respectively.