Hebei Province governs 11 prefecture level cities and 2 cities directly under the jurisdiction of the province. Hebei Province, referred to as "Ji", gets its name because it is located north of the Yellow River. With a total area of 188800 square kilometers, Hebei Province is the only province in China with plateau, mountain, hill, basin, plain, grassland and seashore. It has a temperate monsoon climate.
As early as more than 5000 years ago, the three great ancestors of the Chinese nation, Yellow Emperor, Yan Emperor and Chiyou, started the history of Chinese civilization from war to integration in Hebei. During the spring and autumn and Warring States periods, Hebei belonged to the states of Yan and Zhao, and the Han Dynasty belonged to Youzhou and Jizhou. The Tang Dynasty is Hebei Road, the Song Dynasty is Hebei Road, and the Yuan Dynasty is Zhongshu province. The Ming and Qing Dynasties belonged to Zhili Province. During the war of liberation, Xibaipo, Hebei Province was the temporary seat of the CPC Central Committee.
Hebei is one of the birthplaces of the Chinese nation. There are 930 cultural relics protection units above the provincial level, ranking first in China. It has three World Cultural Heritages: the Great Wall, Chengde summer resort, the eastern Mausoleum of the Qing Dynasty and the Western Mausoleum of the Qing Dynasty; It has five national famous historical and cultural cities: Handan, Baoding, Chengde, Zhengding and Shanhaiguan. Hebei is the longest and best preserved province where the great wall passes through. The remains of the Great Wall in Hebei are more than 2000 kilometers.