The Republic of Turkey, referred to as Turkey for short, is a country across Europe and Asia. Turkey borders the Black Sea in the north, the Mediterranean Sea in the south, the Aegean Sea in the west, and Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran in the East. Its geographical location and geopolitical strategic significance are extremely important. It is a crossroads connecting Europe and Asia.
Turks are mixed descendants of Turks and Mediterranean primitive residents belonging to European race. Ottoman I established the Ottoman Empire in 1299. On May 29, 1453, Muhammad II captured Constantinople and destroyed the Byzantine Empire. It reached its peak in the 16th and 17th centuries, especially during Suleiman I, and ruled across Europe, Asia and Africa.
It began to decline in the 19th century. In its heyday, its power reached the three continents of Asia, Europe and Africa. Therefore, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire regarded himself as the Lord of the world and inherited the culture and Islamic culture of the Eastern Roman Empire, so the eastern and Western civilizations were integrated.
In August 1914, the Ottoman Empire joined the allies in World War I and was defeated in 1918. Turkey lost a large area of territory. crumble.
Although Turkey is an Asian country, it implements the European model in political, economic, cultural and other fields and is a candidate for the EU. The Constitution stipulates that Turkey is a democratic, secular and legal country.
Turkey is a member of NATO, a founding member of the organization for economic cooperation and development and a member of the G20. With a strong industrial foundation, as a developing emerging economy, it is also one of the fastest growing countries in the world.