Serbia belongs to Europe, is an independent country, is the abbreviation of the Republic of Serbia. Serbia is a landlocked country in Southeast Europe and the central Balkans. It borders Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, northern Macedonia and Albania. One fifth of the Danube River, the second largest river in Europe, flows through its territory.
Since the 9th century, some Slavs who migrated to the Balkans began to establish Serbia and other countries. The kingdom of Serbia was established in 1217. In 1346, King Stefan Duchamp became emperor and established the Serbian empire. After that, the national strength declined and was annexed by the Ottoman Empire in 1459.
With the support of the Russian Empire, independence was restored in 1878 and the kingdom of Serbia was re established in 1882. In December 1918, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia jointly established the kingdom of Serbia Croatia Slovenia, renamed the kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929, and established the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1945. Yugoslavia disintegrated in 1991.
In 1992, Serbia and Montenegro formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (fry), renamed Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia and Montenegro) on February 4, 2003, and Montenegro restored its independence through a referendum on June 3, 2006.
Serbia's economy is dominated by the service industry, which accounted for 63% of its GDP in 2008.