Hebei Province has 11 prefecture level cities. Hebei Province, abbreviated as "Ji", gets its name because it is located north of the Yellow River. Shijiazhuang, the provincial capital, is the only province in China with plateau, mountain, hill, basin, plain, grassland and seashore. It has a temperate monsoon climate.
Hebei Province surrounds Beijing, the capital, across North China and Northeast China, with a total area of 188500 square kilometers. It is 283 kilometers away from Beijing in the north, adjacent to Tianjin in the East and close to the Bohai Sea, and Shandong and Henan provinces in the southeast and south.
It is adjacent to Shanxi Province on the Taihang Mountain in the west, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the northwest and North, and Liaoning Province in the northeast. Sanhe, Dachang and Xianghe, the "three northern counties" subordinate to Langfang, are surrounded by Beijing and Tianjin, becoming an "enclave" of Hebei Province and the "back garden" of the capital.
Hebei is one of the birthplaces of the Chinese nation. As early as 5000 years ago, the three great ancestors of the Chinese nation, Yellow Emperor, Yan Emperor and Chiyou, started the history of Chinese civilization from war to integration in Hebei.
During the spring and autumn and Warring States periods, Hebei belonged to the states of Yan and Zhao, and the Han Dynasty belonged to Youzhou and Jizhou. The Tang Dynasty is Hebei Road, the Song Dynasty is Hebei Road, and the Yuan Dynasty is Zhongshu province. The Ming and Qing Dynasties belonged to Zhili Province. During the war of liberation, Xibaipo, Hebei Province was the temporary seat of the CPC Central Committee. Hebei Province has 930 cultural relics protection units above the provincial level, ranking first in China.