Cambodia is an independent country. The kingdom of Cambodia, commonly known as Cambodia, formerly known as Khmer, is located in the Indochina Peninsula, bordering Thailand in the West and northwest, Laos in the northeast, Vietnam in the East and Southeast, and facing the Gulf of Thailand in the south.
Cambodia is a dished basin, surrounded by hills and mountains on three sides, and a vast and rich plain in the middle, accounting for more than three-quarters of the national area. There are Mekong River and Tonle Sap Lake (also known as Phnom Penh Lake), the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia, and Phnom Penh, the capital. Cambodia has a population of about 15 million, and Khmer accounts for 80% of the total population. There are about 1 million Chinese and overseas Chinese, of which Chaoshan people in Guangdong account for about 70%.
Cambodia is an ancient civilization with a long history. It established a unified kingdom as early as the 1st century A.D. Since the 1970s, Cambodia has experienced a long war. In 1993, with the establishment of Cambodian National Authority and the realization of national reconciliation, Cambodia entered a new period of peace and development.
Cambodia is a member of the association of Southeast Asian nations. Its economy is dominated by agriculture and its industrial foundation is weak. On July 1, 2016, the world bank announced that Cambodia officially separated from the least developed countries and became a lower middle-income country.