During the winter solstice, people in the North generally have the custom of eating dumplings, and they eat different things in different parts of the south, such as Chaoshan Tangyuan, Jiangnan rice, Ningbo sweet potato Tangguo, Jiangsu Suzhou wine making.
The winter solstice is one of the 24 solar terms and a traditional festival of the Chinese nation. The date is between December 21 and 23 of the Gregorian calendar every year. There is a folk saying "the winter solstice is as big as a year", but there are different customs around the winter solstice. Most people in the north have the custom of eating dumplings, and most people in the South have the custom of eating sweets.
The book of the Han Dynasty says: "the winter solstice is full of Yang, and you have a long way to celebrate..." that is to say, people first celebrated the winter solstice to celebrate the arrival of the new year. The ancients believed that since the winter solstice, the Yang of heaven and earth began to flourish and become stronger, representing the beginning of the next cycle, which was a auspicious day. Therefore, later, the customs of ancestor worship and family dinner during the Spring Festival often appear in the winter solstice. The winter solstice is also known as "Xiaonian". First, it shows that the new year is approaching and there are not many days left; Second, it shows the importance of the winter solstice.
The winter solstice as a festival originated in the Han Dynasty, flourished in the Tang and Song Dynasties, and has been along since. The first month of the Zhou calendar is November of the summer calendar. Therefore, the first month of the Zhou Dynasty is equal to today's November, so there is no difference between new year worship and winter celebration. It was not until Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty adopted the summer calendar that he separated the first month from the winter solstice. Therefore, it can also be said that the special "Winter Solstice Festival" has existed since the Han Dynasty and flourished in the Tang and Song dynasties.