India is in the southwest of China. Most of the border areas between China and India are in Tibet and a small part is in Xinjiang. The Republic of India, referred to as India for short, is located in South Asia and is the largest country in the South Asian subcontinent. It borders Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and China in the northeast, Myanmar in the East, Sri Lanka in the southeast and Pakistan in the northwest.
India stretches from the Himalayas to the South and into the Indian Ocean. In the north is the mountain area, in the middle is the Indus River, and in the south is the Deccan Plateau and its coastal plains on the East and west sides. Plains account for about 40% of the total area, mountains account for only 25% and plateaus account for 1 / 3. However, most of these mountains and plateaus are no more than 1000 meters above sea level. The low and gentle terrain has an absolute advantage in the country. It is not only convenient for transportation, but also suitable for agricultural production in tropical monsoon climate.
India is the second most populous country in the world after the people's Republic of China, with the second largest population in the world. Among them, the male population is 627.7 million and the female population is 586.5 million. According to the census results, India's population growth rate in the past decade was 1.764%, which was significantly lower than the 2.115% in the 2001 census. The census results also show that India has the lowest sex ratio of children since independence, that is, the ratio of men to women is 1000:914.