What are the main types of minerals

Minerals are mainly divided into major elements and trace elements. Minerals are naturally occurring compounds or natural elements in the earth's crust. Also known as inorganic salt, it is the general name of inorganic substances in the human body. It is the general name of various elements necessary to constitute human tissue and maintain normal physiological function. It is one of the seven essential nutrients for human body.

What are the main types of minerals

96% of human body weight is composed of organic matter and water, and 4% is composed of inorganic elements. There are about 50 kinds of minerals in the human body. Among these inorganic elements, about 20 kinds of elements have been found to be necessary to form human tissues, maintain physiological functions and biochemical metabolism. Except that C, h, O and N mainly exist in the form of organic compounds, the rest are called inorganic salts or minerals. It can be roughly divided into two categories: major elements and trace elements.

What are the main types of minerals

Minerals necessary for human body include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, sulfur and chlorine, which account for more than 0.01% of human body or dietary intake is greater than 100mg / d. they are called major elements. Iron, zinc, copper, cobalt, molybdenum, selenium, iodine and chromium are essential trace elements. Trace elements refer to minerals whose content accounts for less than 0.01% of the human body or whose dietary intake is less than 100mg / d. There are also five trace elements that may be necessary for human body: manganese, silicon, nickel, boron and vanadium; Some trace elements are potentially toxic. Once ingested in excess, they may cause lesions or damage to the human body, but they are possible essential trace elements for the human body at low doses. These trace elements mainly include fluorine, lead, mercury, aluminum, arsenic, tin, lithium and cadmium. But no matter which element, it is very small compared with the three nutrients carbohydrates, lipids and proteins needed by the human body.

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