The youngest plateau in the world is the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The natural history of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is extremely young, which is formed due to the continuous compression, collision and elevation of the Eurasian plate and the Indian Ocean plate in recent tens of millions of years, while most of the other plateaus in the world are the natural surface of the primitive ancient continent hundreds of millions of years ago.
The Qinghai Tibet Plateau, the inland plateau of Asia, is the largest plateau in China and the highest altitude in the world. It is known as the "roof of the world" and "the third pole". It starts from the southern edge of the Himalayas in the south, to the northern edge of the Kunlun Mountains, Altun Mountains and Qilian Mountains in the north, the Pamir Plateau and Karakoram mountains in the west, and the western section of the Qinling Mountains and the Loess Plateau in the East and northeast, between 26 ° 00 ′ ~ 39 ° 47 ′ N and 73 ° 19 ′ ~ 104 ° 47 ′ E.
The natural history of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is extremely young. Affected by many factors, it has formed the highest and youngest natural geographical unit in the world, which is closely combined with horizontal and vertical zonality. The annual average temperature in the hinterland of the plateau is below 0 ℃, and the average temperature of the warmest month in large areas is less than 10 ℃. The Qinghai Tibet Plateau is generally 3000-5000 meters above sea level, with an average altitude of more than 4000 meters. It is the birthplace of many large rivers in East Asia, Southeast Asia and South Asia; There are many lakes on the plateau, including Namuco, Qinghai Lake, etc.
The Tibetan Plateau has sufficient light and geothermal resources. Permafrost is widely distributed on the plateau, and most of the vegetation is natural grassland. The Qinghai Tibet Plateau is also one of the origins of the Chinese nation and one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization. Fuxi, Emperor Yan, Lieshan, Gonggong, Siyue, Jintian and Xia Yu, which spread in the history of Chinese civilization, are all ancient Qiang people on the plateau. The residents of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau are mainly Tibetan, forming a plateau cultural system dominated by Tibetan culture.