"Golden Triangle" refers to a triangle located in the border areas of Thailand, Myanmar and Laos in Southeast Asia. Because this region is rich in opium and other drugs for a long time and is the main drug producing area in the world, the "Golden Triangle" is famous all over the world.
The core area of the golden triangle is the junction of Myanmar, Thailand and Laos. However, under the strong anti drug offensive of the Thai government, most of the drug producing areas have been transferred to Myanmar. The golden triangle is the largest producer of opium and heroin in the world, with a planting area of more than 1 million mu, an annual output of 2650 tons to 2800 tons of opium and about 200 tons of heroin. A relatively accepted view is that the golden triangle is the source of 20% opium supply in the world, while the heroin trafficked through the Golden Triangle accounts for 60% - 70% of the world's total every year, and the annual production capacity of heroin in this region can meet the global heroin consumption for two years.
The Mekong River is another important geographical reason for the formation of the "Golden Triangle". It flows directly south from Qinghai in Northwest China and passes through six countries: China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia. The 4009 km long river cuts off the mountains in Southeast Asia. In addition, there are many deep valleys and turbulent tributaries between the mountains, resulting in countless canyons and cliffs, Formed a large traffic dead corner. Due to the above special geographical reasons, the golden triangle has less economic and cultural ties with developed regions, and the central authorities of relevant countries are difficult to deeply or effectively control the golden triangle for a long time.